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Pet Snakes provides easy to understand, practical information and facts to help the new snake owner take care of their animals. At Pet Snakes we want to provide information that will help you enjoy your reptile more than ever.

Snakes in Alabama

Alabama is home to 49 species of snakes 5 of which are venomous. The state of Alabama considers 13 of its 49 snakes to be of high concern regarding conservation. The federal government lists 1 species as threatened and 5 as species of concern or candidates. Snakes from the colubrid, elapidae, and the viperidae families are represented in the state’s native population.

Eastern Indigo Snake, native to Alabama

Snakes of Alabama (V): Venomous
Common Name Scientific Name F/S S/S
Black Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula nigra None Lowest
Black Pine Snake Pituophis melanoleucus lodingi Candidate Highest
Black Racer Coluber constrictor ssp. (constrictor), (priapus) None Lowest
Brown Water Snake Nerodia taxispilota None Lowest
Copperhead (V) Agkistrodon contortrix None Lowest
Corn Snake Elaphe guttata guttata None Moderate
Cottonmouth (V) Agkistrodon piscivorus None Lowest
DeKay’s Brown Snake Storeria dekayi ssp None Lowest
Diamond-backed Water Snake Nerodia rhombifer None Lowest
Eastern Coachwhip Masticophis flagellum flagellum None Moderate
Eastern Coral Snake (V) Micrurus fulvius None Highest
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (V) Crotalus adamanteus None Highest
Eastern Garter Snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis None Lowest
Eastern Hog-nosed Snake Heterodon platirhinos None Moderate
Eastern Indigo Snake Drymarchon corais couperi Threatened Highest (Possibly extirpated)
Eastern Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula getula None Highest
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum None Moderate
Eastern Ribbon Snake Thamnophis sauritus sauritus. None Lowest
Florida Green Water Snake Nerodia floridana None Moderate
Florida Pine Snake Pituophis melanoleucus mugitus Concern Highest
Glossy Crayfish Snake Regina rigida sinicola None Lowest
Gulf Saltmarsh Snake Nerodia clarkii clarkii None Moderate
Midland Water Snake Nerodia sipedon pleuralis None Lowest
Mississippi Green Water Snake Nerodia cyclopion None Moderate
Mole Kingsnake Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata None Moderate
Mud Snake Farancia abacura ssp. (abacura), (reinwardti) None Lowest
North Florida Swamp Snake Seminatrix pygaea pygaea None Highest
Northern Pine Snake Pituophis melanoleucus melanoleucus Concern Highest
Northern Red-bellied Snake Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata None Lowest
Pygmy Rattlesnake Sistrurus miliarius ssp. (miliarius), (barbouri), (streckeri) None Moderate
Pine Woods Snake Rhadinaea flavilata None Moderate
Plain-bellied Water Snake Nerodia erythrogaster ssp (erythrogaster), (flavigaster) None Lowest
Prairie Kingsnake Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster None Highest
Queen Snake Regina septemvittata Concern Moderate
Rainbow Snake Farancia erytrogramma erytrogramma None Highest
Rat Snake Elaphe obsoleta ssp. (obsoleta), (spiloides) None Lowest
Red Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum syspila None Moderate
Ring-necked Snake Diadophis punctatus ssp. (punctatus), (edwardsi), (stictogenys) None Lowest
Rough Earth Snake Virginia striatula None Lowest
Rough Green Snake Opheodrys aestivus None Lowest
Scarlet Kingsnake Lampropeltis triangulum elapsoides None Lowest
Scarlet Snake Cemophora coccinea None Lowest
Smooth Earth Snake Virginia valeriae ssp. (valeriae), (elegans) None Lowest
Southeastern Crowned Snake Tantilla coronata None Lowest
Southern Hog-nosed Snake Heterodon simus Concern Highest (possibly extirpated)
Southern Water Snake Nerodia fasciata ssp.(fasciata), (confluens), (pictiventris) None Lowest
Speckled Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula holbrooki None Highest
Timber Rattlesnake (V) Crotalus horridus None Lowest
Worm Snake Carphophis amoenus ssp. (amoenus), (helenae) None Lowest
We hope you have enjoyed visiting us here at Pet Snakes! We take caring for snakes very seriously and hope to pass that along to you!