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Pet Snakes provides easy to understand, practical information and facts to help the new snake owner take care of their animals. At Pet Snakes we want to provide information that will help you enjoy your reptile more than ever.

Snakes in California

California Striped Racer

The state of California is home to 39 species of snake including 7 of which are rattlesnake species. Snakes from the colubrid, elapidae, and the viperidae families are represented in the state’s native population.

Snakes of California

(V): Venomous
Common Name Scientific Name F/S S/S
Aquatic Garter Snake Thamnophis atratus None None
Alameda Whipsnake Masticophis lateralis euryxanthus Threatened State Threatened
Baja California Rat Snake Bogertophis rosaliae None None
California (Western) Black-headed Snake Tantilla planiceps None None
California Glossy Snake Arizona elegans occidentalis None None
California Mountain Kingsnake Lampropeltis zonata ssp. (agalma), (herrerae), (multicincta), (multifasciata), (parvirubra), (pulchra), (zonata) parvirubra – Concern
pulchra – Concern
Checkered Garter Snake Thamnophis marcianus None None
Coachwhip Masticophis flagellum ssp. (fuliginosus), (piceus), (ruddocki) piceus – Concern
ruddocki – Concern
Common Garter Snake Thamnophis sirtalis ssp. (infernalis), (tetrataenia) sirtalis – Concern
tetrataenia – Endangered
State Endangered
Common Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula ssp. (californie) Concern None
Desert Striped Whipsnake Masticophis taeniatus taeniatus None None
Diamondback Water Snake Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer None None
Giant Garter Snake Thamnophis gigas Threatened State Threatened
Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer ssp. (affinis), (annectens), (deserticola), (pumilis) None None
Long-nosed Snake Rhinocheilus lecontei lecontei Concern None
Mohave Desert Sidewinder (V) Crotalus cerastes cerastes None None
Mojave Green Rattlesnake (V) Crotalus scutulatus ssp. (Scutulatus) Concern None
Night Snake Hypsiglena torquata None None
Northwestern Garter Snake Thamnophis ordinoides None None
Racer Coluber constrictor None None
Red Diamond Rattlesnake (V) Crotalus ruber ssp. (ruber) Concern None
Ring-necked Snake Diadophis punctatus modestus-Concern
Rosy Boa Lichanura trivirgata ssp. (roseofusca), (trivirgata) trivirgata – Concern
roseofusca – Concern
Sharp-tailed Snake Contia tenuis None None
Sierra (Western Aquatic) Garter Snake Thamnophis couchii None None
Southern Rubber Boa Charina bottae umbratica Concern None
Southwestern (Smith’s) Black-headed Snake Tantilla hobartsmithi None None
Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake (V) Crotalus mitchellii pyrrhusM None None
Spotted Leaf-nosed Snake Phyllorhynchus decurtatus None None
Two-striped Garter Snake Thamnophis hammondii Concern None
Western Blind Snake (Southwestern Threadsnake) Leptotyphlops humilis None None
Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake (V) Crotalus atrox None None
Western Ground Snake (Valley Form Ground snake) Sonora semiannulata Concern None
Western Lyre Snake Trimorphodon biscutatus ssp. (lambda) lambda-Concern None
Western Patch-nosed Snake Salvadora hexalepis ssp. (virgultea) virgultea-ConcernNone
Western Rattlesnake (V) Crotalus viridis None None
Western Shovel-nosed Snake Chionactis occipitalis None None
Western Terrestrial Garter Snake Thamnophis elegans None None
Yellow-bellied Sea Snake (V) Pelamis platurus None None
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